Authors: Bartosz Kierończyk, Jędrzej Sypniewski, Mateusz Rawski, Wojciech Czekała, Sylwester Świątkiewicz, Damian Józefiak
Publications: Annals of Animal Science. DOI: 10.2478/aoas-2019-0066
In the present study, the complete cycle of the preconsumer waste transition by black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) into sustainable raw material (dietary fat) for broiler chickens was examined. In two individual experiments, the effects of selected rearing medium made from various preconsumer wastes on the nutritive value and performance of BSFL were tested (1st trial). In the second experiment, partial (25, 50, or 75%) or total replacement of soybean oil fed to broiler chickens by BSFL fat obtained via supercritical CO2 extraction from larvae from the 1st experiment was conducted. In the performance trial on birds, nutrient digestibility, selected gastrointestinal tract (GIT) segments, internal organ traits, and welfare status were also measured. In the first trial, 1-day-old BSFL were allotted to 5 treatments (8 replicates each). The following substrates were tested, i.e., wheat bran, carrots, cabbage, potatoes, and a mixture of the previously mentioned organic food wastes (equal ratio of each). In the second experiment, a total of 960 day-old female Ross 308 chicks were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatments (16 replicates and 12 birds per replicate). The following groups were applied: SO – 100% soybean oil, HI25 – a mixture containing 25% BSFL fat and 75% SO, HI50 – addition of BSFL and SO in a 50:50 ratio, HI75 – a mixture containing 75% BSFL fat and 25% SO, and HI100 – 100% BSFL fat. The results of the present study showed high variability in the chemical composition of insects among groups (410 vs. 550 g kg-1 CP; 60 vs. 170 g kg-1 EE), as well as a significant influence of rearing substrate composition on BSFL performance, i.e., the average mass of 100 randomly chosen larvae (P<0.001), waste reduction rate (P<0.001), and conversion rate (P=0.008). Moreover, the partial or total replacement of SO by BSFL fat did not affect (P>0.05) the growth performance, coefficients of apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients, selected organ weights and length, or the welfare status of the broilers. In conclusion, it is possible to obtain an environmentally friendly, sustainable energy source from BSFL biomass and implement it in broiler diets without a negative effect on the birds’ production.